NTDSUtil – Windows CMD Command
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Active Directory Domain Services management, database/metadata maintenance, etc.
Run NTDSUtil from an elevated command prompt. NTDSUtil.exe is built into Windows Server 2008 /R2. It is available if you have the AD DS or the AD LDS server role installed or if you install the Active Directory Domain Services Tools that are part of the Remote Server Administration Tools (RSAT).
This tool is intended for use by experienced administrators, NTDSUtil is very powerful, but it’s also dangerous – some commands will require Active Directory to be taken offline.
activate instance %s - Set "NTDS" or a specific AD LDS instance as the active instance.
authoritative restore - Authoritatively restore the DIT database.
change service account %s1 %s2 - Change AD DS/LDS Service Account to
username %s1 and password %s2.
Use "NULL" for blank password, * to be prompted.
configurable settings - Manage configurable settings
DS behavior - View and modify AD DS/LDS Behavior
files - Manage AD DS/LDS database files
group membership evaluation - Evaluate SIDs in token for a given user or group
Help - Show help
ifm - IFM media creation
ldap policies - Manage LDAP protocol policies
ldap port %d - Configure LDAP Port for an AD LDS Instance.
list instance - List all AD LDS instances installed on this machine.
local roles - Local RODC roles management
metadata cleanup - Clean up objects of decommissioned servers
partition management - Manage directory partitions
popups on - Disable popups
popups off - Enable popups
quit - Quit the utility
roles - Manage NTDS role owner tokens
security account management - Manage Security Account Database - Duplicate SID Cleanup
semantic database analysis - Semantic Checker
set DSRM password - Reset directory service restore mode administrator account password
snapshot - Snapshot management
SSL port %d - Configure SSL Port for an AD LDS Instance.
For most commands, there is a short form, using the first few characters instead of the entire command, these are shown above in bold. Any abbreviation that will uniquely identify the command will work.
For example the interactive commands:
"select operation target"
"connect to server serverF4T"
"list roles for connected server"
Can be abbreviated for use in a script:
ntdsutil r "sel o t" c "co t s serverF4T" q "l r f c s" q q q
Or a little more readably:
ntdsutil rol "sel op targ" conn "conn to serv serverF4T" qu "li rol fo conn serv" qu qu qu
At the ntdsutil: prompt, type HELP any point to see the available commands/subcommands.